About Per SE

Commentary and research on current events and public policy by economists from the University of the Philippines
Author archive for Aleli D Kraft

Letter to the Board of Regents on the age requirement for the UP Presidency

There is nothing in the law, the Charter, the Code, or the University's cherished traditions to suggest that advanced age must be a factor in the administration of the University's affairs.
Nine lives to save

Nine lives to save

PhilHealth says they enrolled nine out of ten Filipinos. This film says PhilHealth protects only one in ten.

Where does the money go? Assessing the expenditure and income effects of the Philippines’ Conditional Cash Transfer Program

Evaluation studies on conditional cash transfers (CCT) in the Philippines found small if not insignificantly different from zero effects on household consumption.

A blow to UP’s honor

We deplore in the strongest terms the violence perpetrated last Wednesday, September 17, by a group of protesters against Secretary Florencio B. Abad outside the U.P. School of Economics auditorium.

Shocks to Philippine households: Incidence, idiosyncrasy and impact

[With Carlos Antonio Tan, Jr.] Using a nationally representative sample of households, we assess the overall incidence of different shocks, the extent to which they simultaneously affect households in the same area, and their impact.

Population, poverty, politics and the Reproductive Health bill

The population issue has long been dead and buried in developed and most developing countries, including historically Catholic countries. That it continues to be debated heatedly in our country merely testifies to the lack of progress in policy and action. The Catholic Church hierarchy has maintained its traditional stance against modern family planning (FP) methods,...

Perks and public provisions: Effects of yardstick competition on local government fiscal behavior in the Philippines

(with Carlos Antonio R. Tan, Jr., Vigile Marie B. Fabella) Using a panel dataset from cities and municipalities in the Philippines in 2001, 2004 and 2007, we investigate whether yardstick competition influence local government fiscal decisions.

Philippines Equity Report: Investment Case for Financing Equitable Progress towards MDGs 4 and 5 in the Asia-Pacific Region

(with Paul Mariano, Samuel Kault, Eliana Jimenez-Soto, and Kim-Huong Nguyen) This report presents a comprehensive analysis of inequities in child mortality and intervention coverage in the Philippines. A lack of maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) equity analysis in recent years has led to a substantive gap in the literature. Responding to this, we use the best available...

Household choices, circumstances and equity of access to basic health and education services in the Philippines

In developing countries like the Philippines, a major policy concern is the inequity in access to health and education services. In this paper, we investigate the effects of factors over which households have control (“choices”) or none (“circumstances”) on their access to basic services. Our logit regression analyses of two nationwide household surveys reveal

Household out-of-pocket health spending, health insurance coverage, and children’s school attendance in the Philippines

The microeconomics of family posits that households value and promote the welfare of their members, but given limited resources, their investments in terms of time and money in their children’s health and education and expenditures on other consumption goods are necessarily jointly determined. In this paper, we develop and test a household allocation model that...