About Per SE

Commentary and research on current events and public policy by economists from the University of the Philippines
Discussion Papers

Behavioral Polymorphism in Bayesian Games

In this paper, we introduce behavioral polymorphism into Bayesian games. The multiplicity of behavioral types have become increasingly recognized and studied. Agents ascribe to each other a probability distribution across the possible types. They then choose the appropriate type as response to the possible type of the others which type determines the choice of strategy....

Do Regions Gain from an Open Economy?

This paper looks into whether and how sub-national regions can benefit from a country’s economic openness. Using data on the Philippines, it first notes marked disparities across its regions as reflected in economic and social indicators.

Climate Change, Dengue and the Economy: Ascertaining the Link Between Dengue and Climatic Conditions

This paper examines the climate-change related factors that affect the incidence of dengue in the Philippines. This paper examines the climate-change related factors that affect the incidence of dengue in the Philippines. Dengue, one of the most high-profile public health problems in Southeast Asia, has been estimated to cost hundreds of millions of dollars...

Political Intervention in the Philippine Bureaucracy, 1987 to 2010: How, where and to what effect

This essay revisits the theme of political intervention in the bureaucracy by using updated sources of data to understand how politicization occurs, where it occurs and to what effect across five presidential terms from 1987 to 2010.

Household Coping and Recovery from Nature’s Wrath: Rising from the Ruins of Yolanda

Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan), one of the strongest storms ever recorded, hurled massive destruction across the central part of the Philippines in Nov 2013. The question foremost in everybody’s mind is whether the Yolanda-affected families have already recovered.

Risk Management and Coping Strategies: Climate Change and Agriculture in the Philippines

We provide an initial framework regarding priorities for government programs to reduce the natural-disaster vulnerability of farm households in the Philippines.

Helping Cost, Assortative Matching and Production Cycles in the Dynamic Humean Farmer Game

We reformulate the Humean farmer game on the basis of random assignment of advantage and the cost e of helping in another’s harvest. The result is a game that is a coordination game if e ½ which allows a joint treatment of the two interpretations of the Humean farmer game.

Development Dynamics in the Philippines Historical Perspectives: 1950-2010

This paper attempts to explore the use of an OECD Multi-Dimensional Country Review (MDCR) framework in understanding the long-term development history of the Philippines.

The Mining for Development Framework for the Philippines

Mineral extraction alone is not sufficient to trigger sustainable development in developing countries. The mainstream paradigm on mining for development suggests that mineral-rich developing countries need to formulate a fiscal policy that can balance the need to maximize fiscal revenue while ensuring that the country has an attractive investment climate.

Current Structure and Future Challenges of the Agricultural Sector

This chapter provides an overview of the patterns, composition, policies and institutional environment that have influenced the performance of the agriculture sector in recent years.

Gearing the Philippines for ASEAN Economic Community

This paper argues that the way for the Philippines to the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) is not through ASEAN but through the world. Being good neighbors will define the AEC and how the Philippines fits into it—not necessarily in the way it was planned.

How We Measure Poverty Understates its Extent and Depth: Some Results

The paper examined the methodology used for measuring the country’s poverty line and poverty rate. It finds that the poverty line was not based on the cost of meeting an acceptable or minimum standard of living or of meeting basic needs by which to classify families as poor as is customarily done in other...