A range-based GARCH model for forecasting financial volatility

Dennis S. Mapa


A new variant of the ARCH class of models for forecasting the conditional variance, to be called the Generalized AutoRegressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity Parkinson Range (GARCH-PARK-R) model, is proposed. The GARCH-PARK-R model, utilizing the extreme values, is a good alternative to the “realized volatility” model which requires a large amount of intra-daily data that remain relatively costly and are not readily available. The estimates of the GARCH-PARK-R model are derived using the Quasi-Maximum Likelihood Estimation (QMLE). The results suggest that the GARCHPARK- R model is a good middle ground between intra-daily models, such as the realized volatility, and inter-daily models, such as the ARCH class. The forecasting performance of the models is evaluated using the daily Philippine Peso-U.S. Dollar exchange rate from January 1997 to December 2003.


JEL classification: C53


Volatility; GARCH-PARK-R; QMLE

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