Executive stock options, stock price volatility, and agency costs in the Philippine setting

Clifford S. Ang, Daniel Vincent H. Borja


Firms compensate management with executive stock option plans to mitigate the agency problem arising from conflicts of interest between shareholders and managers. However, due to the nature of stock options, the value to the option holder increases when the volatility of the underlying stock rises. Unfortunately, the decisions that affect the expected future cash flows of the firm still remain under the control of executives. Using a pooled least squares regression on a sample of 30 PHISIX firms from the period 1998 to 2001, we find that the presence of executive stock option plans significantly affects the volatility of the firm’s stock return.


JEL classification: M52


Executive stock options; managerial compensation

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.