Japanese Management as Applied in the Philippines
This paper attempts to examine how Japanese management system is applied in a different social and cultural framework such as that of the Philippines. The outstanding characteristics of the Japanese management system are described, and its economic rationality for Japanese employers and employees, explained. On the basis of survey result which covered top Japanese managers stationed in the Philippines and Filipino managers, the paper examine the basic Japanese management policy and extent of its modification in the Philippine setting. It includes an evaluation by Filipino middle managers of this modified system. One its durability seems to be assured if the basic aims and goals that motivate and control an immense amount of Filipino behavior and values are met.
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