About Per SE

Commentary and research on current events and public policy by economists from the University of the Philippines
Monthly archive September 2015

Coherence and punishment

Coherence is the foundation of modern civilization. A world without coherence is unthinkable -- it is a world without electric power and that’s the Dark Ages.

Read the ‘lumad’ lips

Clearly, the lumad know what the game is. One can only hope that the rest of the Filipino people are just as intelligent.

Reforming the PHL tax system is a question of when, not if

Will President Benigno S. C. Aquino III use what remains of his political capital to reform the 19-year-old Philippine tax syste?

Marcos and his failure to provide for an orderly political succession

On Sept. 21, 1972, President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law and ruled as dictator through presidential decrees. He was elected president in 1965 and re-elected in 1969.

Who’s exploiting the ‘lumad’?

The terms “lumad” and “IP” are not synonymous. “Lumad” is used only for those IPs in Mindanao. Thus, all lumad are IPs, but not all IPs are lumad. The foregoing is important, because we want to know how many are affected by the current lumad crisis.

Metro Manila’s traffic gridlock — temper blower all year long

According to a study recently made by JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency), the current daily cost to the economy of the traffic gridlock is P2.4 billion. If not remedied in time, this would reach P6 billion by 2030.

Gearing the Philippines for ASEAN Economic Community

This paper argues that the way for the Philippines to the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) is not through ASEAN but through the world. Being good neighbors will define the AEC and how the Philippines fits into it—not necessarily in the way it was planned.

A broad-based, comprehensive tax reform is the only way forward

The core elements of a broad-based, comprehensive tax reform program are lower income and corporate income tax rates, broader corporate tax base by rationalizing fiscal incentives, higher value-added tax rates, and higher real property tax.

How We Measure Poverty Understates its Extent and Depth: Some Results

The paper examined the methodology used for measuring the country’s poverty line and poverty rate. It finds that the poverty line was not based on the cost of meeting an acceptable or minimum standard of living or of meeting basic needs by which to classify families as poor as is customarily done in other...

Why our choice for president is so important

Now, the Philippines ranks 85th out of 174 countries. That’s a long way upward. We have figuratively clawed ourselves out of the bottom half of the countries to get to the top half of. I don’t know about you, but I think that is something we can be proud of.

Cheap oil and other commodities: The bright and dark sides

The price of a barrel of crude oil had recently dropped to as low as $38, but is currently at $45. The prospects are they would remain at this relatively low level for some time.

A new, more powerful Department of Interior and Local Government is born

The Department of Interior and Local Government under the Aquino administration is the combined Constabulary, Ministry of the Interior, and Ministry of Human Settlements during the Marcos years. In its present form, the DILG is a ‘super’ Department.